Introduction

Considered as one of the “hottest” branches in the 21st century, the specialty of biomedical electronics was established in 1999 at Hanoi University of Science and Technology in accordance with the development requirements of society. With references to advanced education models of developed countries in the world, a new education model for Biomedical electronics in Vietnam was formed. In this new model, students first learn basic knowledge in the general education program at the university, then they continue with a specialty training period. The specialty training period includes fundamentals of Electronics and Telecommunications such as Electronic Circuit Engineering, Digital Engineering, Microprocessor, Electronic Components, Measurement and Automatic Control; Information Technology such as Programming Languages, Software Engineering, Databases, Data Structures, Computer Architecture, Computer Networks. Next are courses on Biomedical Electronics including Bioelectricity Fundamentals, Bio-signal Processing Circuits, Diagnostic Imaging, Sensors and Measurement Techniques in Medicine, Nuclear Medicine and Radiation Therapy, Medical Information Systems, Medical Electronic Equipment, Medical Image Processing, Radiation Protection and Electrical Safety in Medicine and Medical Equipment Design.

Throughout the learning period, students also have opportunities to practice in specialty laboratories of the university, visiting and practicing at hospitals, research institutes and medical centers in Hanoi, or discussing with overseas professors and students who come to work and study in Vietnam. Simultaneously with studying, students may take part in scientific research with professors and lecturers in this field. Many of the past research results have been applied in well-known hospitals throughout the country increasing the efficiency of the application of science and technology to health care and disease treatment for the people. With this training methodology and content, the Biomedical electronics program has demonstrated a high education efficiency in which graduate students are well-prepared with theory and practical experience so that they can meet the demands of society.

According to survey results gathered from Biomedical Engineering students after graduation, they were easily finding jobs in well-known corporations in the field of medical electronics all over the world as well as in Vietnam. Corporations such as: GE corporation - USA, Siemens - Germany, Hitachi - Japan, Abbott - USA, Philips - Holland, Shimazu - Japan, Roche - Switzerland, Bayer - Germany, Gambro - Sweden, Nihonkohden - Japan, Aloka - Japan, Biotronik - USA, Kodak - Japan... Biomedical engineers will be in demand as key personnel in many areas now growing rapidly in Vietnam: administration of equipment in hospitals, medical centers, medical equipment companies, electronics and telecommunications companies, application software in medicine.

The process of formation and development:

In recent years, the national economy has been developing day by day, and medical equipment is consequently increasingly used, especially high-tech equipment such as: CT scanners, MRI systems, 3D and 4D ultrasound machines, automatic testing devices, endoscope equipment, multi-parameter monitors, radiation treatment systems with linear accelerators.. Information technology is also increasingly applied to medicine such as: image archiving and transmitting systems, telemedicine, hospital networks, digital patient records, digital hospitals, These rapid increases are critical in order to satisfy the requirements of thousands of hospitals, medical centers, as well as in promoting research, production and trading in domestic and foreign companies in the field of biomedical electronics in Vietnam. Because there has been a scarcity of human resources trained in this field, the Vietnamese government promulgated a national policy in 1992 for the development of human resources and medical equipment. Following this policy, Hanoi University of Science and Technology became the first one to organize a training program in Biomedical Engineering in 1999. Directly managing the process of building a Biomedical Engineering Department at Hanoi University of Science and Technology at that time were the following persons:

  • Prf.Dr. Hoang Van Phong - President of Hanoi University of Science and Technology;

  • Prf. Dr. Tran Quoc Thang - Vice President of Hanoi University of Science and Technology;

  • Prf. Dr. Hoang Ba Chu - Vice President of Hanoi University of Science and Technology;

  • Prf. Dr. Nguyen Canh Luong - Vice President of Hanoi University of Science and Technology;

  • Prf. Dr. Nguyen Duc Thuan - Chair of Biomedical Engineering Department - HUST;

  • Prf. Dr. Le Ngoc Trong - Deputy Minister of Ministry of Health;

  • MSc. Duong Van Tinh - Head of Department of Medical Equipment and Construction, Ministry of Health;

  • Mr. Nguyen Xuan Binh - President of Medical Equipment Association of Vietnam

  • Mr. Ha Dac Bien - General Secretary of Medical Equipment Association of Vietnam;

Because the program is to be based on electronics, telecommunications and information technology, students are enrolled from the faculty of electronics and telecommunications. After attending courses on fundamental subjects in the faculty’s curriculum, students will take courses on biomedical electronics. Nine groups of nearly 400 biomedical electronic students have graduated from Hanoi University of Science and Technology up to this time. All of those graduates are doing research or working in this field at medical equipment trading or manufacturing companies, hospitals, universities and research institutes.